Friday, 6 April 2018

The Montevideo Convention

Most libertarians know about the Montevideo Convention. However most people don't know about it. The Convention was signed by 19 states. This convention establishes the definition of a State, as well as its rights and obligations. The best known conceptualization is that of Article 1, which establishes four characteristic criteria of State, which have been recognized as an accurate statement in customary international law:
I. Permanent population.
II. Territory determined.
III. Government.
IV. Ability to enter into relations with other States.

The Montevideo Convention in the case of Catalonia:

Everyone knows that Catalonia is wishing to be an independent state. The Spanish State does not allow to split Catalonia from Spain. But according the Montevideo Convention, Catalonia has the right to do so. Let's check what is the Montevideo convention and why catalans can apply the right of self-determination in their case.
The Montevideo Convention stablishes several conditions to be an independent state. The first of them is to have a permanent population. Catalonia has more than 7 million people. From that population, more than the 50% of it, is autoctonous from the region. The second principle to fulfill is to have a territory determined. Catalonia has a territory, so no problem. The third principle says to have a government. Catalonia has a government. Carles Puigdemont, the President of Catalonia, has the ability to control the government of Catalonia. The last principle, the Montevideo Convention stablishes to be an state is to have the ability to enter into relations with other States. Catalonia has this ability. First of all, the last Catalan Presidents, Artur Mas and Carles Puigdemont have stablished relations with independent states. Raul Romeva, one of the members of Puidemont's government, has stablished diplomatic relations with a lot of European States.