Most libertarians know about the Montevideo Convention. However most people don't know about it. The Convention was signed by 19 states. This convention establishes the definition of a State, as well as its rights and obligations. The best known conceptualization is that of Article 1, which establishes four characteristic criteria of State, which have been recognized as an accurate statement in customary international law:
I. Permanent population.
II. Territory determined.
IV. Ability to enter into relations with other States.
The Montevideo Convention in the case of Catalonia:
Everyone knows that Catalonia is wishing to be an independent state. The Spanish State does not allow to split Catalonia from Spain. But according the Montevideo Convention, Catalonia has the right to do so. Let's check what is the Montevideo convention and why catalans can apply the right of self-determination in their case.
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