Principality of Seborga

THE PRINCIPALITY OF SEBORGA


We should tell you that Seborga is recognised by Italy as a village. I am going to make a little summary of the village of Seborga and then a hole explaination about the Principality of Seborga.
Seborga is a small town in the region of Liguria in northwest Italy, near the French border. Administratively, it is a comune of the Italian province of Imperia. The main economic activities are horticulture and tourism.

Palace of the Government of Seborga
The town is notable for its claims of independence from Italy as the sovereign Principality of Seborga. Seborga is knownn for being a micronation, but for some historians, it is not. There are a lot of legal motives for defending Seborgan independence due to a lot of legal issues which took place in Seborgan history. This is the reason why some historians consider Seborga not as a micronation considering it as a ''true'' country.
Seborga, the micronation more near of being a microstate
As always is good to remember that a microstate is a real state, a reconized state but a very little state, like Andorra, Monaco or San Marino. Micronations are little territories which are not independent but which they claim so. Seborga, Sealand, Pontinha are clear examples of micronations. But some micronations will perhaps in a future be recognized as microstates and Seborga can be one of them. But why? The Abbey-principality of Seborga was a tiny territorial entity was a country in the past. It is true that in this moment, Italy recognizes Seborga as part of its territory. But the treaties which proof the incorporation of Seborga into Italy, seems not to be so secure in this case. There is a legal ambiguity related to the incorporation of Seborga in Italy due to legal aspects which took place during the history. This is why Seborga, in this moment, have legal and historical reasons of being independent, due to the fact that its legal incorporation to the Republic of Italy seems not to be so clear.
The Principality of Seborga (Principato di Seborga) is a micronation that claims a 14 square kilometres (5.4 sq mi) area located in the northwestern Italian Province of Imperia in Liguria, near the French border, and about 35 kilometres (22 mi) from Monaco. The principality is in coexistence with, and claims the territory of, the town of Seborga which was an Abbey-principality in the past.
HISTORY


The abbey principality of Seborga was a tiny territorial entity, autonomous from an unknown date until January 31, 1729, governed by the abbot of the abbey of Lerino, on the island of Sant'Ororato, in front of Cannes. It constituted an enclave in the republic of Genoa and depended on the county of Provence, then from the reign of France and the Savoy. The village (500 meters altitude), known for the seventeenth century of its mint, is now twelve kilometers from Bordighera, in the province of Imperia, not far from Dolceacqua and Sanremo.
The Castrum Sepulchri feud is quoted in an original document of 1177, which has been received so far, concerning a dispute between the monks of Lerino and the accounts of Ventimiglia about the boundaries of the corresponding properties between Vallebona and Seborga.
The Seborgan territory, meanwhile, continued to depend politically and administratively on the abbey of Lerino, located in the province of Provence, which was annexed to the kingdom of France after being anexioned in Naples in 1481.
In 1261, the foremost of Ventimiglia's church of San Michele, Giacomo Costa, wrote the Statutes and Regulations of the Principality on the proxy of the Abbot of Lerino.

Church of San Martino

The Provencal monks received little profits from the property's income and were often forced to borrow money to relieve the poor life of their subjects. In December 1666 Prince Abbot Caesar Barcillon opened a cashier's office in the floor below the Abbey Palace, located in Piazza San Martino, in order to obtain substantial revenue: the first zecchiere was Bernardo Bareste of Mougins. Several cones were beaten and the activity lasted until October 1689. Luigins, however, contained a low silver rate and therefore were not liked even in the East, even for the competition of other ticks, such as that of the county of Tassarolo. Louis XIV of France had the closure.
The very rare coins, which today remain of Seborga's monetary experience, are twelve, coming from four cones: in silver, they represent the bust of Saint Benedict and the princely coat of arms (between two palm fronds, a pastoral on a miter with a "Monasterium - Lerinense - Princeps - Sepulter - Congregationis - Cassinensis" The specimens that can still be admired are kept: one in the State Archives of Turin, two in Vienna, six in the former collection of Vittorio Emanuele III of Savoy, two in Marseille and one in Lyon. The archaeologist and numismatist Pellegrino Tonini (1824-1884), secretary of the National Museum of the Bargello of Florence, in his work "Topography of the Italian Zecche" edited there in 1869, mentioned the Seborga (Sepulcrum, Monaci of S. Lerino) Monetary Workshop, pointing to it on the attached map and qualifying the abbots of San Lerino as Princes of Seborga.

About the princely rank and the right of mint were prerogatives to the Holy Roman Emperor and the Pope who could extend them to their vicars. In the case of Seborga, the source was not imperial because, in addition to not having a document that proves it, the property of Provence County, extinct, passed to the kingdom of France, absolutely independent of the empire. Its origin therefore had to be papal: each abbot could attribute (and attribute), with pontifical permission, noble titles. And this was done by the Lords of Lerino, by becoming "princes" and by assigning their aristocratic preacher to Seborga as deputies of the authority of the Holy See on the convent. Consequently, no seborghino could assume the princely status which belonged solely to the abbot of Lerino or to the Pauperes Commilitones Christi, the Cistercian lay monastic institution. These, as abbey prince, did not depend on secular clergy but only from the Pope ("nullius diocesis"): he directed the parishes of the territory and appointed the Seborga prefecture chosen by the Savoy.

Prince Abbot did not frequently stay in Seborga and this absence was negative for the people of the country. He named a vicar, the podestà, whose office lasted from six months to three years and could be re-elected. Assisted by two mayors and two consuls, he managed the feud, under the careful supervision of the absent absentee, to whom he had to present continuous reports of his public activity. The prince, from time to time, took a visit and stayed in the abbatial palace: he was responsible for treating "His Most Reverend Master," but his office was temporary.
The monks, however, were tired of this delegated administration who did little. They decided to sell the principality to the king of Sardinia, Vittorio Amedeo II of Savoy, who sought to get closer to the sea. The contract, authorized by the Pope, was signed by the lawyer Francesco Lea (present a representative of the last prince Abbot Mitrato Eraldo of Cannes) and the sum fixed at 175,000 lire. 0
The so-called abbey principality of Seborga was annexed to the domains of the Savoy on January 31, 1729 which, however, did not have the right to obtain a title that could only be assumed by a religious. The same monastery of Lerino was closed in 1788 by a French directorship.

LIST OF ABBEYS-PRINCES OF SEBORGA

In arguing for the founding of Seborga in 1963, a Seborgan named Giorgio Carbone claimed, based on documents from the Vatican archives, that during the Middle Ages the town had become part of the feudal holdings of the Counts of Ventimiglia. He insisted that in the year 954, Seborga became the property of the Benedictine Monks of Santo Onorato of Lerins and in 1079 the Abbot of this monastery was made a Prince of the Holy Roman Empire, with temporal authority over the Principality of Seborga.
Allegedly on 20 January 1729, this independent principality was sold to the Savoy dynasty and became a protectorate of theirs. In 1815 the Congress of Vienna overlooked Seborga in its redistribution of European territories after the Napoleonic Wars, and there is no mention of Seborga in the Act of Unification for the Kingdom of Italy in 1861. The Unification of Italy in 1861 and the Italian Republic in 1946 would therefore illegitimate and unilateral acts because they violate the legitimate sovereignty of the people of Seborga. The exile of the Savoy, in 1946, involved also the end of ius patronatus.
The argument for Seborga's present-day status as an independent state is based on the claim that the 1729 sale was never registered by its new owners, resulting in the principality falling into what has been described as a legal twilight zone.

ORIGINS OF THE MICRONATION

In the early 1960s, Giorgio Carbone, began promoting the idea that Seborga restore its historic independence as a principality.
By 1963 the people of Seborga were sufficiently convinced of these arguments to elect Carbone as their Head of State. He then assumed the style and title His Serene Highness Giorgio I, Prince of Seborga, which he held until his death in 2009.
Carbone's status as Prince was confirmed on 23 April 1995, when Seborgans voted 304 in favour, 4 against, for the Principality's constitution and in favour of independence from Italy.

REASONS FOR INDEPENDENCE

The independence of the principality would be based on the following points:
- Italy brought three trials, all lost, to the principality of Seborga.
- The Principality has applied to the European Court of Human Rights to assert its independence (appeal 52856/08 to the Strasbourg ECHR).

Bearing in mind these reasons and having in knowledge that Seborga was an Abbey-principality in the past whose incorporation in the Republic of Italy is not clear, Giorgio Carbone had the inniciative of declaring a new independence for the country of Seborga. In this moment, a lot of people consider Seborga as a micronation.


ECONOMY

Seborga is known in the region for its agricultural activity: in particular, cultivation and collection of olives and floriculture crops. Thanks to Seborga's publicity as a principality, tourism has expanded in recent years. The claim of independence of Seborga conquired the curiosity of a lot of people around the world, especially from the South of France and North of Italy. Each year, Seborga has a lot of visits and this is improving the economy of the village or better said ''country''. The principality's historic town centre was also restored, ensuring that its charms were protected from commercial over development.
Front of a 15 centime coin of luigino struck in 1996
and representing the Prince of Seborga
The folklore created by this principality and maintained by its inhabitants attracts tourists. Between 1994 and 1996, coins of the Principality were issued, drawing the attention of numismatists. This currency, the luigino, is then indexed to the American dollar. These monetary strikes have an historic precedent because in the seventeenth century the abbots of Lerins, lords of Seborga, struck money in the principality. Stamps are also printed and the mail is stamped with the postal flame of the principality. The Principality has its own passports and license plates.Food and other tourist items are sold under the label Antico Principato di Seborga, deposited with the INPI by the government of the Principality of Seborga. A more traditional activity is the cultivation of flowers intended for perfumery.
The inhabitants of Seborga still pay their Italian taxes, but declare them as an "international aid sent to Italy.
Some economists see in Seborga an opportunity of developing a TAX-HEAVEN state. Some people related to bitcoin bussinesses says that Seborga could become an independent state and addopt cryptocurrencies as legal coins. So if Seborga becomes an independent nation, due to its reputation and fame around the world, it could attract big fortunes in the future.

POLITICS

Seborga is officialy an Italian village whose mayor is Franco Fogliarini, elected on 31/05/01
Seborga has been constitued as a Principality self-declared independent and sovereign nation.
Seborga is a principality governed by a constitution and ruled by a prince, elected for seven years.This Principalty is ruled by the monarch, the Prince Marcello I. It has a government of nine ministers named "Council of the Crown" and a "Council of Prior".

- MONARCH

Prince Giorgio I reigned until his death on 25 November 2009. His successor Marcello Menegatto was elected on 25 April 2010 and crowned on 22 May 2010, styled His Serene Highness Marcello I. It is important to say that from 25th November of 2009 to 22th May of 2010, Alberto Romano served as Prince Regent of Seborga.
The monarch's position is not hereditary and elections are held in Seborga every seven years. The 2017 election was held on 23 April. On 23 April 2017, Prince Marcello was re-elected and took office for another seven years after gaining 129 votes and beating his rival, who only managed to gain 42 votes. The incumbent prince won by a landslide.
- CLAIMANTS

In June 2006 a minor controversy arose when a woman calling herself "Princess Yasmine von Hohenstaufen Anjou Plantagenet", who claimed to be the rightful heir to the throne of Seborga, wrote to Italy's president offering to return the principality to the state. Her claim was contested by the then-prince, Giorgio I (Giorgio Carbone), who asserted that there were no credible sources supporting her, and said: "Pah! No one’s ever even seen her as far as I know. I call her the 'internet princess'."
Since 22 February 2016 Nicolas Mutte, a French writer, claims to replace Marcello I.
In the 2017 election, Marcello's position was contested by Mark Dezzani, a British-born radio DJ from Crawley, West Sussex, in England, who had live in Seborga for nearly 40 years.

- CROWN COUNCIL

According to the constitution of Seborga, the reigning monarch has to rule under advisement by his Crown Council. Five members of the Council are elected by the citizens of Seborga while other members can be named by the Prince himself. The Crown Council is the executive in the principality.

EXTERIOR RELATIONS

I always say Seborga is the most realistic micronation, it is because of its huge diplomacy through the world. Seborga has a lot of ambassador and diplomats.
The political structure of the Principality is very complex. The officials of the Principality of Seborga make a lot of visits around the world.
Seborga is not recognised by United Nations, this is why official visits of this Principality becomes an interesting new. Each time a Seborgan ambassador makes an oficial visit and he is received by a diplomat or an ambassador of a UN recognised country, this visit becomes a way to recognise Seborga internationally.
Always Seborgan visits are very polemical, but it is a great opportunity to spread tthe voice of recognition for this little country. For Seborga, to visit someone important in the international sphere, is not only a way to become recognized, it is also a marketing strategy. This is why this country makes a huge effort on this issue.
Seborga has diplomats all over the world and they make an extraordinary work. Seborgan are very happy with its international representatives. As time goes by, Seborga is more and more known internationally. Some diplomatics of the Principality make other activities appart of representing the country. For example the ambassador of Seborga in China made some comics about Seborga. In that way, Seborga has become very known in China. Some ambassadors or diplomats apply strategies for promoting the Principality.
OFFICIAL VISIT TO THE U.S.A.

Marcello and Nina from Seborga made an official trip to the United States during the first two weeks of August, culminating on August 13 with the inauguration of the Seborga's Representation in Washington, directed by Susan Smith Feaster. This was announced by the Government Palace, in a popular note.
During the voyage, which - he says - follows the visit to Seborga of the US delegation on June 10, the Prince and the Princess Consort, accompanied by Les Brownlee, former Undersecretary of Defense in George W. Bush's first government, visited privately the Pentagon, home of the Department of Defense, and the White House. On Thursday, August 6, at the Senate, Marcello and Nina from Seborga were guests at lunch by Ben Nelson, former Senator and former Nebraska governor. Finally, on August 13, the inauguration of the Representation, was in the presence of numerous personalities.
Interviewed by the weekly "The Riviera", Nina of Seborga (who is also the Councilor of the Crown for Foreign Affairs) commented: "We are trying to bring the name of the Principality of Seborga to a higher level through a network of world-wide knowledge."
Official visits of Seborgan representatives are always polemical, but there if there is an official visit which gave to Seborga the publicity it needs for being known in the wolrd, this visit is the one of the U.S.A. Seborgan Princes, Marcello and Nina Menegatto visited the United States of America with the Seborgan Ambassador to the U.S.


REPRESENTATION OF THE PRINCIPALITY OF SEBORGA IN THE REPUBLIC OF ARMENIA

- Yannick Kalantarian Representative of the Principality of Seborga in the Republic of Armenia

REPRESENTATION OF THE PRINCIPALITY OF SEBORGA IN THE COMMONWEALTH OF AUSTRALIA

- Renzo Colla, Representative of the Principality of Seborga in the Commonwealth of Australia.

REPRESENTATION OF THE PRINCIPALITY OF SEBORGA IN THE KINGDOM OF BELGIUM

- Alexander Zanzer, Representative of the Principality of Seborga in the Kingdom of Belgium.

REPRESENTATION OF THE PRINCIPALITY OF SEBORGA IN THE REPUBLIC OF FRANCE

- André Triquet de Tintignac Representative of the Principality of Seborga in the Republic of France. General Emerit Representative of the Principality of Seborga for the French Republic and Emerit Representative of the Principality of Seborga for the Region Provence-Alpes-Cote d'Azur.
- Jean-Marc Arden Representative of the Principality of Seborga in the Republic of France
- Jean-Paul Ghiglione Representative of the Principality of Seborga in the region of Languedoc-Roussillon - Midi-Pyrénées
- Dr. Louis-Claude Gaeremynck Representative of the Principality of Seborga in the region of Nord-Pas-de-Calais – Picardie.

REPRESENTATION OF THE PRINCIPALITY OF SEBORGA IN THE REPUBLIC OF GERMANY

- Dr. Bernd Lesoine Representative of the Principality of Seborga to the Republic of Germany.

REPRESENTATION OF THE PRINCIPALITY OF SEBORGA IN THE REPUBLIC OF INDIA

- Surinder Pal Singh Oberoi,
- Nitin Jain, Representative of the Principality of Seborga to the Republic of India
- Abhishek Dalmia, Representative of the Principality of Seborga to the Republic of India
- Sudhir Kumar Arora Temporary Representative of the Principality of Seborga to the Republic of India
- Narinder Pal Singh Temporary Representative of the Principality of Seborga to the Republic of India
- Vikas Sharma Temporary Representative of the Principality of Seborga to the Republic of India and Princely Advisor to HSH Prince Marcello and the Crown Council.

Harsh Vardhan Jain (FRSA, MICA, Hon. DIPLOMAT, KNIGHT)

REPRESENTATION OF THE PRINCIPALITY OF SEBORGA IN THE REPUBLIC OF ITALY

Cav. Aldo Michelutti Representative of the Principality of Seborga in the Republic of Italy
Dott. Paolo Iotti, Representative of the Principality of Seborga in the Republic of Italy
Nico Parlanti, Vice Representative of the Principality of Seborga in the Republic of Italy
Andrea Razzoli, Secretary of the Representative Office of the Principality of Seborga in the Republic of Italy.

REPRESENTATION OF THE PRINCIPALITY OF SEBORGA IN THE REPUBLIC OF IVORY COAST

Antonioni Carl Bassit Representative of the Principality of Seborga in the Republic of Ivory Coast.

REPRESENTATION OF THE PRINCIPALITY OF SEBORGA IN THE PRINCIPALITY OF LIECHTENSTEIN

Zoltán Kabai, Representative of the Principality of Seborga in the Principality of Liechtenstein
Zsolt Jakab, Vice Representative of the Principality of Seborga in the Principality of Liechtenstein
Tamas Kail, Consigliere Principato del Liechtenstein.

REPRESENTATION OF THE PRINCIPALITY OF SEBORGA IN THE REPUBLIC OF SLOVENIA

Odv. Biljana Lukić, Representative of the Principality of Seborga in Slovenia
Jaka Penca, Vicerappresentante del Principato in Slovenia
Avv. Aldo Alfonso Ferrini Confederazione Svizzera.

REPRESENTATION OF THE PRINCIPALITY OF SEBORGA IN THE REPUBLIC OF UKRAINE

Dr. Antonio Costanzo, Representative of the Principality of Seborga in Ukraine
Medical surgeon in San Remo
Mrs. Nataly, Secretary of the Representative Office of the Principality of Seborga in the Republic of Ukraine
Susan Smith Feaster, Responsible for relations with the Principality of Monaco, France and the Etats-Unis d'Amérique in representation of the Principality of Seborga.

REPRESENTATION IN THE MISSION TO THE GULF COOPERATION COUNCIL (GCC)

Shk. Fahad M. Abunayyan, Representative of the Principality of Seborga in the Mission to the Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC)
Ayman Almasri, Secretary and councilor of the Representative Office of the Principality of Seborga to the Mission to the Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC).

REPRESENTATION IN THE MISSION TO THE GRAND DUCHY OF LUXEMBOURG

JEAN-PHILIPPE-ARNOTTE, Representative of the Principality of Seborga in the Grand Duchy of Luxembourg. He acts a an Honorary Consul.

REPRESENTATION IN THE MISSION TO THE REPUBLIC OF CHINA

LINIJE CHUOU, Console Onorario a Shangai

MILITARY

- CORPO DELLE GUARDIE

The Principality of Seborga maintains a volunteer defence force and border guard. Members of the Corpo della Guardia volunteer their services, and wear a uniform principally in the blue and white colours of the Seborga flag. Guards attend the Prince and members of his family on ceremonial occasions, and patrol the streets of Seborga throughout the year. During the tourist season they mount guard at the unofficial border crossing on the main road into Seborga.

CULTURE

An important cultural event in Seborga is the annual festival of Saint Bernard, the town's patron saint, held on August 20. Seborga's twin city is L'Escarène, France. The festival includes a procession of citizens and the carrying of a statue of Saint Bernard. The national anthem of Seborga, titled "The Hope", was composed by HSH Prince George I and set to music by Maestro Luigi Poggi of Bordighera in 1994.
The actual Prince, Marcello Meneggato follows the tradition of celebrating the annual festival of Saint Bernard.
Some writers and historians showed curiosity about the peculiar political and historical position of the Principality of Seborga. They wrote a lot of books about the Principality of Seborga
Caïs de Pierlas, Eugène (1884). I Conti di Ventimiglia, il priorato di San Michele ed il principato di Seborga. Turin: G. B. Paravia

- CULTURAL INSTITUTIONS

A 1759 register of the valley from the Principality of Seborga and Vallebona to Bordighera donated to the Civic Library of Bordighera. A register of 1759, certainly a commercial book with which the merchandise was sold by the Principality of Seborga, Vallebona, Bordighera and through the port of Bordighera or Sanremo, testifies to the sale of all local commerce products, in particular oil, palm leaves, but mostly lemons.
Huge trade in the valleys, so much so that the local Menton could not have enough lemons and were required from our valleys.
The Lunaria lemon four seasons, one of the best lemons in the market, unfortunately over the years overwhelmed by the lemon variety of Menton, but the qualities of a lemon that produced fruits every season of the year as well as having the peculiarity of flourishing with the crescent moon were marketed everywhere in the world.

- MUNICIPAL COUNCIL OF THE BOYS OF SEBORGA

With the Municipal Council of the Boys of Seborga, a collaboration was established to realize a small but important tourist and sporting activity in the Old Principality of Seborga.
Thanks to Cuventu, there will be little bandwriters who will raise the white banner flags in the sky, but not only will they play the drums by practicing history and curiosities rooted in the centuries. This is the project "Vivi bandiera" and thanks to the president and friend of Seborga Fabio Mercenaro, who wants to promote in the intemelio territory through his masters the ancient art of the bandwagon and musician, thus bringing young elementary school pupils closer the average of our district. A course that takes the young student step by step to learn the drum and drape practice. The boys will be organizing training at the sports field and the presentation of this initiative could begin during the inauguration of the Seborga Square and during the patron saint festivals of St. Bernard and San Martino. A return to the old ways that value the territory but creates a spirit of initiative and collaboration among the boys of the City Council, whose Mayor Giulia Bruno is the small representative.

- ORCHESTA DA CAMERA ''PRINCIPATO DI SEBORGA''
Musicians

L'orchesta da Camera ''Principato di Seborga'' has been created by the Master Vitaliano Gallo, born in 1998 under the tutelage of Giorgio I of Seborga. The attempt is to make know to the world through his concerts, the territory, the culture and the traditions of the Principality. Its esoteric and religious tradition goes back to more than 5.000 years ago through a Celtic-Jewish-Christian root.
Seborga is a Principality where religious and templar culture is very important. Some seborgans think that music is a ay to connect history, culture and tradition.

- SEBORGA NEL MONDO

The Nonprofit Association "Seborga in the World - the Care Onlus" operates in national and international contexts together with Seborga and Vallebona Civil Protection volunteers through development cooperation.


- FIERA DI NIZA

The Principality of Seborga participates in several events. Seborga participated in the ''Fiera di Niza'' event.
Seborga with "The conquest of new planets"; Taggia with "Avatar" and Ospedaletti with "Walking ... among planets": they are the victorious wagons of Sanremoinfiore 2013, the traditional flowery course - this year combined with the theme "Man in Space" - which saw the participation of dozens of thousands of viewers.


In a press release, broadcast by Master Vitaliano Gallo, the Soloists of the Orchestra from the Chamber of Principality of Seborga, are happy with the Principality of Seborga for the victory of the Carro Fiorito title "to the conquest of new planets". "Seborga, although it may seem like a small hamlet - is said in the statement - is actually a great resource both historical and touristic for our territory, and not only that. Already a crossroads of cultures in the Middle Ages, it has always maintained this characteristic, and it still speaks of itself. Among the many socio-humanitarian bodies inside, there is also the Chamber Orchestra, a carrier of peace and culture around the world, and we are proud to be part of it. May this title: "to conquer new planets" bring ideas, happiness, and love.

SPORTIVE INSTITUTIONS

The Principality of Seborga has several sportive institutions. One of them is an Olympic committee (not recognised by the International Olympic Committee). The Principality of Seborga also has a football association (not recognised by UEFA). The Seborga national football team is a member of the N.F.-Board, and plays fixtures against other member teams, which represent various small nations, micronations, sub-national regions, and unrecognised de facto states.

- FEDERAZIONE CALCISTICA DEL PRINCIPATO DI SEBORGA


The Football Association of the Principality of Seborga (FCPS) was founded June 6, 2014 through the synergy between the Consul of Seborga in France Marcel Mentil and President of the Olympic Committee of Seborga Marcello Paris who signed the same day the affiliation of the Federation to the World Organization N.F.-Board by a historic meeting in Seborga with the President of the N.F.-Board Florent Costa and the Secretary General Jean Luc Kit, at the presence of Minister for Foreign Affairs of Seborga Nina Menegatto and Sports Minister Giuseppe Bernardi.
In 2015 it is played in the first National Championship of Serie A of the Principality of Seborga sponsored by 'Patrone flowers shop' of Sanremo, a tournament with three teams (Cipressa, Borgio Verezzi and Ospedaletti) won by the latter. Always in 2015 is also delivered the Principality National Cup to Unione Sanremo (Sanremese) winner of a charity tournament dedicated to the footballer Sergio Martinez in which participated, thanks to the initiative of Francesco Merlo Manco, Pino Ghersi and Tommaso Ciavaglioli, also a club dedicated to Seborga, the Seborga Football Club.
Then the FCPS resumed also football 5vs5 activities, already highly developed in Seborga in the past, giving a chance to national team to take the field in August of 2015. The team losed at home vs TB-Labaj-RdF for 9-5 in the second edition of the 'Giorgio I' Trophy. Meanwhile, the Federation appropriate contacts with Pro Seborga, foot5vs5 club dedicated to the Principality already able to get good results in the past, in order to return to participate in tournaments and events also linked to 'football sala', discipline similar to football 5vs5.
In the winter of 2016 the Seborga disabled national team of football sala (defined category 'OPEN') had the honor to face Italy in Ventimiglia. The Seborga disabled team is run by Spes Auser Onlus Ventimiglia and 'Seborga nel Mondo' Onlus and the Italian national team is led by FIFS (Italian Football Sala Federation) represented by his President Axel Paderni who invited the leaders of FCPS to consider the possibility of participating, either as a club and as a national, to other tournaments organized by them in the OPEN class, but not only.
In this regard then the month of June of 2016 becomes very important for Seborga which sees the national team still committed in George I Trophy, this time in a triangular with Tera Brigasca - Riviera dei Fiori and Toringhese , and also assists the return to the field of historic club Pro Seborga in the Euro Mediterranean Cup football sala held in Imperia.
Also in June the FCPS part in the first edition of the Golden Ball of Western Liguria organized by 'Calcio Flash Ponente' in Casinò Sanremo.

Objectives
The Football Federation of Seborga aims to contribute through the sport to the conservation, promotion and development of the Principality of Seborga, its history and its independence. In this regard, the FCPS manages the National Representatives and Clubs of the Principality and organizes tournaments devoted to it, including the Championship, the National Cup and the Super Cup, all played mainly by the clubs of the Riviera dei Fiori and of the Ponente Ligure. For this reason, the FCPS is twinned with Tera Brigasca - Labaj - Riviera dei Fiori Calcistic Federation in order to contribute to the sports promotion of Seborga and its surroundings.

The Principality of Seborga Football Federation contributes to the preservation, promotion and development of the Principality of Seborga, its history and its independence. In this regard, the FCPS manages the national representatives and clubs of the Principality and organizes tournaments dedicated to it including the Championship, the National Cup and the Super Cup, all played mainly by the clubs of the Riviera Flowers and the West Liguria. For this reason the FCPS is also twinned with the Football Federation Tera Brigasca - Labai - Riviera dei Fiori in order to contribute to the sport promotion of Seborga and its surroundings. They are known as the ''Il cavalieri biancoazzurri'' or Whiteblue Knights.
According to the official website of the football federation of Seborga, they say the following:


''La nazionale maschile A di calcio a 11 del Principato ha fatto il suo esordio il 10 agosto del 2014 ad Ospedaletti nella partita contro Sealand terminata sul risultato di 2-3 (match N.F.-Board). La sua seconda e finora ultima partita, disputata e vinta per 2-0 nel maggio 2015 contro il Bergamo Longuelo, ha sancito la vittoria della prima edizione del 'Trofeo Seborga Principato di Pace'.
The Men National Foot 11 Team A played his first match in August,10 2014 in Ospedaletti losing 2-3 vs Sealand (N.F.-Board match). The second match was played in May,2015 vs Bergamo Longuelo in Ospedaletti; the Seborga National Team won 2-0 in the first edition of 'Principality Peace Cup''



RISULTATI OTTENUTI DALLE SELEZIONI NAZIONALI DI SEBORGA - NATIONAL TEAMS RESULTS:

- TROPHY 'SEBORGA PRINCIPATO DI PACE' (1) - CALCIO A 11 (2015) - SEBORGA PEACE TROPHY FOOT11 2015
TROFEI ORGANIZZATI DALLA FCPS - FCPS TOURNAMENTS
- COMPETIZIONI MASCHILI - MEN TROPHIES
CAMPIONATO NAZIONALE DI SERIE A DEL PRINCIPATO DI SEBORGA - SEBORGA NATIONAL CHAMPIONSHIP
2015 - OSPEDALETTI
2016 - OSPEDALETTI
2017 - OSPEDALETTI
CLASSIFICA CANNONIERI CAMPIONATO DI SEBORGA - SEBORGA CHAMPIONSHIP TOP SCORER
2015 - GIAN MARCO ALASIA (OSPEDALETTI) 1 gol 2016 - ALESSIO STAMILLA (OSPEDALETTI) 2 gol 2017 - JOSE' ESPINAL (OSPEDALETTI) 3 gol
COPPA NAZIONALE DEL PRINCIPATO DI SEBORGA - SEBORGA NATIONAL CUP
2015 - UNIONE SANREMO (SANREMESE)
2016 - FC CERVO
2017 - FC CERVO
SUPERCOPPA NAZIONALE DEL PRINCIPATO DI SEBORGA - SEBORGA NATIONAL SUPERCUP
2016 - SAN BARTOLOMEO CALCIO
2017 - BORGIO VEREZZI
CAMPIONATO NAZIONALE C5 DEL PRINCIPATO DI SEBORGA - FOOT5 NATIONAL CHAMPIONSHIP
2017 - TORINGHESE
TROPHY 'GIORGIO I PRINCIPE DI SEBORGA' - GIORGIO I TROPHY
2014 - PRINCIPALITY OF SEALAND NATIONAL TEAM
2015 - NAZIONALE TERA BRIGASCA - LABAJ - RIVIERA DEI FIORI
2016 - NAZIONALE TERA BRIGASCA - LABAJ - RIVIERA DEI FIORI
2017 - NAZIONALE TERA BRIGASCA - LABAJ - RIVIERA DEI FIORI
TROPHY 'SEBORGA PRINCIPATO DI PACE' - SEBORGA PEACE TROPHY
2015 - NAZIONALE DEL PRINCIPATO DI SEBORGA 2016 - RIVA LIGURE
- COMPETIZIONI FEMMINILI - FEMALE TROPHIES
CAMPIONATO NAZIONALE DI SERIE A DEL PRINCIPATO DI SEBORGA - SEBORGA NATIONAL CHAMPIONSHIP
2017 - FC VADO LIGURE
- CATEGORY 'OPEN'
COPPA NAZIONALE DEL PRINCIPATO - NATIONAL CUP
2017 - SPES VARASE

KIT

Seborga's kit has the same colors as the flag of Seborga. The main uniform of Seborga has a blue shirt with a white cross, blue shorts and white socks. The technical sponsor is FOOTEX.

- COMITATO OLÍMPICO NAZIONALE DEL PRINCIPATO DI SEBORGA

By decree issued on December 7, 2006, the Principality of Seborga decreed the establishment of the "National Olympic Committee of the Principality of Seborga", named "C.O.N.S. Principality".
By projecting essentially its structure towards a sport for all the C.O.N.S. Principality must be understood as a driving element of the physical and moral training of the individual and as a useful complement to the education and culture of the people of the Principality of Seborga and not, which are thus able to find themselves sportily guided by the rules and intent carried out by all International Sports Organizations.
In the management group of "C.O.N.S. Principality" as a specialist in the field of sports medicine, the therapeutic-rehabilitative sector, and technical experts in the field of association.
The National Olympic Committee of the Principality of Seborga promotes the birth and development of the various sports, agonistic and amateur and recreational disciplines understood as an essential element of the physical and moral training of the individual and an integral part of the National Education and Culture of the Principality of Seborga, providing adequate assistance to its members; it adapts to the International Olympic Committee (CIO) Charter, to which, in the times and in the manner set, will require official recognition.


The CONS Principato is governed by the sports regulations of the Principality of Seborga and the Olympic Charter, carries out its activity in full autonomy of technical-administrative-organizational management in accordance with the resolutions and the addresses of the International Olympic Committee (CIO) rules and disciplines sports activities as essential elements of the physical and moral training of the individual.
The Principal Principal in the conduct of his or her activities is alien to any influence of religion, politics, race, ethnicity, sex, language or any other discrimination.

The CONS Principato has the following aims:
a) promote, propagate, develop and regulate sports and other activities aimed at the same purpose;
b) organize national and international sporting events;
c) prepare the preparation of athletes and arrange the necessary means for their participation in national and international sporting events;
d) arrange for any form of health and insurance protection of its members (associate memberships and affiliated memberships);
e) agree with the C.I.O. and C.O.N.I. to take measures to prevent and suppress the use of substances that alter the natural physical performance of athletes during the sporting activities;
f) adhere unconditionally to international anti-doping standards;
g) adhere to the rules on the discipline of professional sport.
h) promote and protect youth sport from pre-school age
i) manage related and instrumental activities in the organization and financing of sport
l) promote the widest possible dissemination of sporting practice, also in order to ensure the social and cultural integration of all individuals.
The CONS Principato prevents and suppresses the use of substances or methods that alter the natural physical performance of athletes in sports-sport activities, even in conjunction with the authorities responsible for the supervision and control of doping and the protection of health in sports activities.

Inside Seborga

SEBORGAN MASS MEDIA

The Principality of Seborga plays a big role on Internet but in particular, in the province of Liguria. Seborga is a country located near France, near the French Riviera and of course, near Monaco. Its strategic situation provokes enourmous visits per year. But this big quantity of visitors is also due to the amazing marketing which Seborga is spreading. The government of the Principality has created a big quantity of mass media making known the beauties of the country. The government of this micronation launched several newspapers, some of them digital newspapers.
Inside Seborga is one of the most importan Seborgan newspapers.
But the official newspaper of the Principality is the Gazzetta di Seborga which was launched on 2005.
BLOG: seborgatimes.blogspot.com
The magazine ''Diplomatic World'' is a diplomatic magazine which talks about diplomatic issues among countries. In the 36 edition of this magazine it appears also the issue of Seborgan diplomacy and sovereignty.

SEBORGA TV


Yes, Seborga also has its own television and believe me, it has a lot of visitors per day. This television is the official TV of the country and all its news are focused on the Principality of Seborga. Seborga TV mostly shows political news about Seborga, like interviews to Seborgan politics or diplomats. This television also relay political events which have Seborga as the protagonist. If the Prince makes an official announcement, Seborga TV always spread the information. The labour of Seborga TV is similar to those of the ''Gazzetta di Seborga''. The most important difference is that Seborga TV is the official television of the country and of course the information they spread is the most detailed and professional.





INTERNATIONAL MEDIA


International mass media also focused on the issue of Seborga. This micronation was a country in the past and the treaties that were made through history never recognised the integration of the principality to Italy. The Principality of Seborga created a lot of institutions and the Prince of Seborga acts as a true Prince. Seborga is the most realistic micronation in the world. Seborga needs to legitimacy for being recognized, this is why they act the most accurately as a country and for this reason, international mass media always focuses on this country. Seborga has its own Chivaldric order, its own government, its own crown, its own diplomats, its owwn ambassadors and so on. This provokes a very polemical situation, the fact of having so much bureaucracy in that country, it provokes that a lot of political events and social situations takes place in Sealand. Everybody wants to know about this peculiar principality or micronation. International Mass Media always focuses on Sealand in special digital newspapers but also some televisions of national influence. The Principality of Seborga is located in the province of Liguria, in Northern Italy. The citizens of Liguria know very well what Seborga is and probably the most part of Seborgan fans are in Liguria. Local mass media of Liguria always talks about Seborga. And this news always become viral because of the political exception which represents the micronation of Seborga. French and Italian mass media frecuently talks about Sealand.
For example TF1, the most popular TV in France made a reportage about Seborga. France 3 which is also one of the most popular French televisions talked about Seborga.
Munchen TV also dedicated a time retransmitting the opening of Seborgan Official Representation in the city of Monaco, In Baviera (Germany).
Repubblica TV also retransmited a programme about Sealand. RAI 3 also talked about Seborga. Aaj Tak TV also talked about the Principality.
Not only TV's. Newspapers and some digital media also focused on the issue of Seborga. Big names like the Huffington Post or the Telegraph talked about the Principality of Seborga and its legitimacy for being a country.
http://www.huffingtonpost.com/anneli-rufus/seborga-the-micronation-i_b_5760864.html
https://www.riviera24.it
http://la-riviera.it
http://www.sanremonews.it




NOTABLE PEOPLE FROM THE PRINCIPALITY OF SEBORGA


MARCELLO NARDI

Gran Segretario del Sacro Ordine del Principato di Seborga

MARCELLO PARIS

Vice Gran Priore del Sacro Ordine del Principato di Seborga
Presidente dell’Associazione Equitazione&Ambiente, Direttore della rivista omonima e del Magazine INSIDESEBORGA rivista ufficiale del CONS Principato. Ideatore di progetti culturali-sportivi del mondo associazionistico.
Presidente del Comitato Olimpico Nazionale del Principato di Seborga.

BIANCHINI MATTEO

Dir. Sportivo e co-CT - Director / co-CT

Dr. Raffaele Acierno

Dr. Raffaele Acierno is a specialist in sports medicine, Holistic medicine, Posturologica, Acupuncture, Homeopathy, he deals with sports medicine in football, athletics, swimming, horseback riding.
Lecturer in Arthro-Reuatoxic Omotoxicology.
He has been part of the Italy-Italy 2000 World Sports and Sports Team.
For years it has been aimed at the correct use of horse rehabilitation capacity (hippotherapy)
Vice Presidente del Comitato Olimpico Nazionale del Principato di Seborga.

CAV.GIORGIO PISTONE

He is an Italian writer. Part of his artistic career has been focused on the Principality of Seborga. Books he wrote:

- ORIGINE E STORIA DEL PRINCIPATO DI SEBORGA

This text, published in 2004 and out of date, does not include re-editions in my programs, except for some publishers in interest. The object of the research, over 50 years, is the history of the Principality of Seborga, from its origins to today, synthesized to the extreme. In fact, a just complete book would require - without exaggerating - tens of thousands of pages of documents relating to the last twelve centuries and as regards the site, buildings, morphology, boundaries, characters, and historical references extended to all of Europe.

- IL PRINCIPATO DI SEBORGA, SAN BERNARDO DI CLAIRVAUX E IL GRANDE SEGRETO

This second text deals with the Great Secret, which is the motive of Seborga's Millennial Fortune; the documentation is closely linked to St. Bernard of Clairvaux and the Paupera Militia Christi. Reading provides an honest explanation of the reason that convinced the Saint to "secret" the Great Relic.
- DELLA PRESUNZIONE OVVERO I TROPPI DII DEL MONDO - VOL. 1/3

Spring of the year 1942, City of Castle. Then twelve years old, I have just entered a military college; Sunday morning, framed and in the front row for my modest height, I get marched up in front of the major church, for the Mass. Coming to the open door, I go to the side and refuse to come in, arguing that church is going for faith and not for an order. Returning to the barracks and taking the inevitable punishment, I begin to write my thoughts, which are at the origin of these three volumes; during the course of 67 years I collect the material that constitutes the text uninterrupted and today, approximating me to the end of the human path, I feel that it is time for me to make known the result of my research. It will not be exciting, to the hasty reader, but King Melius perpens, someone will find an answer to the question that seeks to bury in the deepest of his heart. Spring of 2009, Sanremo. * The work consists of two volumes of text and a volume of indexes; I'm not tired of thanking all the authors I'm referring to here, even those I do not agree with, because they all gave me the excuse to think.
LUCA PAGANI

He is one of the most popular Seborgan followers.

DENIS CAPILLO
Trail dei Templari


He is a famous runner in Liguria (Italy). He partitcipated in several events. According to Riviera 24 Sport newspaper on 22 may 2017, ''Ieri nel Principato di Seborga si è tenuto il tradizionale “Trail dei Templari”, una gara non competitiva durante la quale i partecipanti hanno corso per ben 15 km attraversando una vecchia mulattiera del ‘900, passando di fianco a due chiesette Medioevali, a Menhir, a Monoliti e a pietre territoriali del 1400 per poi far ritorno a Seborga.'' That is to say Danis Capillo participated in the Trail dei Templari. This new was very good news for Seborga, because the participation of Denis Capillo in this event made the Principality famous in North Italy. 

LUIGI ZANNI



He is the Commander of the Guard of the Crown of the Principality of Seborga. This position is very important in a monarchical institution as the Principality of Seborga. Luigi Zanni has the right and the obligation of keeping the Crown, no matter who is the Prince in each moment of the history.





MARK DEZZANI




Mark Dezzani has always been a bit of a legend in the eyes of so many who live on the French and Italian Riviera. Best known for his voice on Riviera Radio and Radio Caroline, Mark also produces business videos and short documentaries. He has a thriving business as a mobile DJ performing at many of the events held along the French Riviera and beyond.
Describing himself as 'pacifistic anarchistic', the contradiction translates to having passion. This is a strong passion... Passion for his work, for life and passion for where Mark calls home.
It was a classic tale of "one man's misery" which was Mark's fortune. He was invited at very short notice to replace a presenter on Radio Nova International, a station that was being broadcast from the tiny village of Seborga... and the rest is history, as you may say. This was in 1982 and some 35 years later, Mark is still living in the village.


Mark's grandparents originated from Northern Italy and so it seemed like destiny that he should himself be living in Italy. Mark left his life in Crawley, in the UK and recalls quite vividly the sensations of when he first arrived in Seborga as one of pure electric and excitement.
He started his broadcasting career for Radio Nova International from the village and it is from this same location that he produces his weekly show for Radio Caroline. He shares a story of how when on the airways, together with a fellow presenter, they would emphasis how they were transmitting from the most incredible Principality, which all contributed to putting Seborga on the map, not just locally but globally.
Today Mark still has great ambitions, to expand into web radio and digital media. He is a hungry documentary filmmaker and is seeding a most fascinating project... I could but would not break a confidence, especially as Mark may become a Prince one day!



MARCEL GUITOUKOULOU
Dr. Marcel Guitoukoulou, a member of the Congress of Peoples and candidate for the Presidential Election of 2016.
According to San Remo News ''L'OIPNV ha dichiarato di riconoscere il Principato di Seborga e il Principe Marcello I, specificando che dal mese di Settembre un emissario dell'organizzazione si installerà a Seborga per avviare delle relazioni diplomatiche ufficiali''.

That is to say Marcel Guitoukoulou who is an active political member of his country and who was running for the Presidential Election of 2016 said he was going to recognise the Principality of Seborga and he was going to send an official to Seborga for having official diplomatic relations.
«Si tratta di un importante riconoscimento internazionale che premia il nostro lavoro di promozione del Principato e che speriamo possa essere il primo di molti altri», ha commentato entusiasta il Principe Marcello I.

Observatoire International pour la Non Violence


MAURO CARASSALE

Mauro Carassale, 53, has been working for years in the field of floriculture in various parts of Italy. Father of two children. Since 2010 she is Secretary of State of the Principality of Seborga.
MIRCO BIANCHERI


Mirco Biancheri, 44, he is a personal business craftsman who has been active for 7 years. Located in Seborga, it specializes in the field of landscaping services.Has been involved in floriculture and gardening for over twenty years.

Since 2010 he is Counselor of the Crown for Justice. 

SABINA TOMASSONI
Sabina Tomassoni, 59, has always been active in volunteering. He has participated in many Seborga associations, from polisportiva to ProSeborga, making it always available to improve the country. Having studied and lived several years abroad, he decided to live in the Principality.

GIOVANNI FIORE

Giovanni Fiore, 49, has practiced for twenty years the profession of grower at the family farm; has been operating in the commercial sector for several years. He has been a sports enthusiast, an agonist, who has been playing for 12 years in the Carlin Boys Sanremo football club, and has been enthusiastic about cycling, his great passion. Father of Alberto, 17 years old.

SALVATORE CERAVOLO

Salvatore Ceravolo is a grower. He participated in Seborgan politics.

DAVIDE GOZZINI

Davide Gozzini is a carpenter and former Mayor of Seborga from 1997 to 2001;

MARCO GUGLIELMI

Marco Guglielmi is an entrepreneur. He participated in Seborgan politics.

MASSIMO TRANFAGLIA

Massimo Tranfaglia, former Marshal of the Carabinieri Army, currently retired.

ANDRÉ TRIQUET DE TINTIGNAC
André Triquet de Tintignac République française Rappresentante Generale emerito per la Repubblica Francese e Rappresentante emerito per la Regione Provence-Alpes-Côte d’Azur
André Triquet de Tintignac has been Honorary Consul General in France, he has been also responsible for the Economic Relations with that country and Head of Cabinet of HH Prince Giorgio I at the Department of Foreign Affairs.
So Giorgio I granted to Triquet de Tintignac the title of Baron for his great services to the Principality of Seborga.
André Triquet de Tintignac has been also Master and Herald of the Sovereign Order of the Knights of Saint Bernard of Chiaravalle.
The Prince of Seborga, Giorgio I also granted the title of Baroness to André's wife, artist and painter Madame Béatrice Tintignac.

JEAN-PHILIPPE-ARNOTTE
Christine Doerner



He is the Representative of the Principality of Seborga in the Grand Duchy of Luxembourg. He acts a an Honorary Consul.

He participated in a reception where there were close to 350 people and inportant personalities. Among them, the Norwegian ambassador in Brussels, Jostein Helge Bernhardsen, the Norwegian General Consul in Luxembourg. Christine Oerner, invited luxembourgers and a lot of exterior representatives. The guest of honor of the event was Christine Doerner, well known and appreciated in Luxembourg for her activity of notary and deputy of the Christian Social Popular Party. Jean-Philippe-Arnotte became very famous in Seborga after this event with all those personalities. Seborgans understood this event as a partial recognition.
YANNICK KALANTARIAN
Yannick Kalantarian is an Armenian publicist, an entrepreneur and a very known businessman. He is very active in marketing events. He is Vice President of Crazy Horse Yannick Kalantarian. Kalantarian participated in a marketing event in Singapore.
He is also Vice Chairman of Belgian Armenian Chamber of Commerce.
Yannick Kalantarian is also a Seborgan diplomat.
He is the Representative of the Principality of Seborga in the Republic of Armenia.


- Surinder Pal Singh Oberoi
Surinder Pal Singh Oberoi, 57, is a Dubai-based businessman from a small town in the northern Indian state of Punjab. He came to Dubai in 1980 as a mechanic, returned to India after a year to launch a family business, and then returned to the emirate to start his own company. Mr Oberoi is well known for his charity work. Over the years, he says, he has put in his own money and collected donations worth $2.2m (£1.4m) to pay "blood money" to secure the release of 54 Indians - including the 17 men freed recently - sentenced to death for various crimes in the emirate. To secure the recent release of 17 men, he paid $1m out of his own pocket, he says. The men returned to India on Tuesday.
'Messiah'
"He's our messiah. If he didn't come into our lives, we would have been all dead," says Kuldeep Singh, 28, one of the convicted men, who has now returned to his native village in Punjab. The 2009 murder of the Pakistani man in Sharjah, an emirate just north of Dubai, took place after a dispute over control of an illegal alcohol business. About 50 people were involved in the fatal attack in which the Pakistani man was stabbed repeatedly. The Indians, who had gone to the emirate for work, were found guilty and sentenced to death in March 2010. For the last two years, Mr Oberoi has been paying "blood money" to the relatives of the victim to secure the release of all the men. "The family of the victim had demanded much more, but after negotiations they brought it down to $1m," he says. "It is a lot of money. But don't assume that I am very rich. On the contrary 90% of my earnings go into charity or donations. I believe I don't need a lot of money to survive." The website of Mr Oberoi's Apex Group of Companies mentions that it has interests in engineering, food and construction. Clearly, he has come a long way after training as a mechanic in his home town of Nangal in Punjab.
Mr Oberoi was embroiled in controversy last year when Indian authorities began a probe into allegations that he was avoiding taxes and violating India's foreign exchange rules. The businessman denies the allegations.
"Why should I spend so much money to save a few thousand dollars of tax?" he says. Mr Oberoi plans to carry on with his "mission" to save the lives of Indians on death row in UAE. "It has become my hobby," he says. "People now identify me as the person [who can save lives]. I can't let them down."

- HARSH VARDHAN JAIN

Harsh Vardhan Jain (FRSA, MICA, Hon. DIPLOMAT, KNIGHT)
Harsh Vardhan Jain got his early education from the Silver Bell School and the Delhi Public School. For more education, he went to Birla Vidya Mandir - Boarding School, Nainital. Harsh Vardhan Jain received from the Institute of Technology and Science, Ghaziabad for Business Administration, and obtained the Master of Business Administration from SI in London (England).
The father of Harsh Vardhan Jain Mr. Jagmnder Das Jain is his "Self-Indstrialist" bestowed by the Vice President of India (GOI) title in the year 1 9 75 and "understanding of the gems" was also the name Susobhit . He is known as businessman, politician and religious of the Jain community.
Harsh Vardhan Jain, after completing his education, joined the family business in 2000, and in 2002, he established a company, Indira Overseas Limited, and reached the international market to promote his joint venture and iron and steel. .
Jain is the first Indian citizen member of the William Barnes Society (Great Britain).
Harsh Vardhan Jain is an international businessman. It helps in deciding the distribution between the buyer and the seller. When this agreement is confirmed, in return, they receive commissions / brokerage. Jain is the main business in the group of companies.
Harsh Vardhan Jain actively participates in welfare organizations to help orphans, widows and people in need. He has worked hard to reach international consumers around the world to promote Indian Cottage Industries and Indian products. Today he is actively working with organizations in India, London, Mauritius, the United Arab Emirates, Poland and the African continent.

LINIJE CHUOU, Console Onorario a Shangai

As reported by Italian newspapers, the Principality of Seborga has recently become the subject of a Chinese "manga" (pictured) for children of elementary schools, with a caricature of Prince George I.
Manga is a Japanese term that tells comics in Japan, while in the rest of the world it is used to indicate "comic stories".
In our case, the cartoon in question was designed in China, a country with which the Seborghan authorities are carrying out an important project: to organize, in the territory, fabulous weddings with lots of carriages, sumptuous wedding dresses and flying of white doves for Chinese VIPs who wish to celebrate the wedding in Europe after the classic civil ceremony in their country.
The initiative is working in person with Prince Marcello I and Foreign Minister Nina Menegatto. November is scheduled for a meeting at Palazzo with the heads of a Chinese company specializing in major events.
The project - cared for by the Honorary Consul in Shanghai, Linije Chuou.

DEMOGRAPHIC EVOLUTION
Graph of demographic evolution of Seborga between 1861 and 2001


TRANSPORT


Seborga is situated along Provincial Road 57 in Imperia. The nearest motorway access is at the Bordighera exit on the A10. The nearest railway station is also the one in Bordighera, on the Ventimiglia-Genoa line.